Buffalo Soldiers, Ft. Keogh, Montana 1890
Buffalo Soldier History
In 1866 Congress authorized segregated regiments of blackCavalry and Infantry Units, comprised of former slaves and free men, led by white officers in the U.S. Army.
As the frontier expanded so did the mission of the Buffalo Soldiers. They patrolled, explored and mapped the rugged western territory, helped settlers travel across the west, strung telegraph lines, built Forts and Outpost, which was future towns and cities.
The name Buffalo Soldiers originated with the Cheyenne warriors who called them “Wild Buffalo“, which translated “Buffalo Soldiers out of respect for their fierce fighting spirit, their dark complexion and curly hair.
There are eighteen African-Americans that earned the Medal of Honor during the Indian War, Fourteen were Buffalo Soldiers. Twelve of the Buffalo Soldiers were from the 9th & 10th Cavalry.
Today, the 9th & 10th (Horse) Cavalry Association Anniversary Reunions are held annually across the United States. The San Diego Chapter Buffalo Soldiers is organized to operate as an affiliate of the National Office of Ninth and Tenth (Horse) Cavalry Association and is a non-profit, non-political, non-partisan, and non-sectarian.