Buffalo Soldiers National Shield
Buffalo Soldiers
San Diego, California 9th & 10th (Horse) Cavalry Association

"Ready and Forward"     "We Can We Will"

10th Cavalry Insignia
9th Cavalry Insignia

Who are the Buffalo Soldiers

The Buffalo Soldiers were members of the U.S 10th Cavalry Regiments of the United States Army. The Buffalo Soldiers, comprised of former slaves, freemen and Black Civil War soldiers, were the first African-Americans to serve in the United States Army during peacetime.

Sources disagree on how the nickname "Buffalo Soldiers" began. According to the Buffalo Soldiers National Museum, the name originated with the Cheyenne warriors in the winter of 1867. The actual Cheyenne translation was "Wild Buffalo." However, writer Walter Hill documented the assertions of Colonel Benjamin Grierson, who founded the 10th Cavalry regiment, who recalled an 1871 campaign against the Comanche tribe. Hill attributed the origin of the name to the Comanche based on Colonel Grierson's assertions. Some sources contend that the nickname was given out of respect for the fierce fighting ability of the 10th cavalry. Other sources say that Native Americans called the black cavalry troops "Buffalo Soldiers" because of their dark curly hair, which resembled a buffalo's coat. Still other sources point to a combination of both legends. The term Buffalo Soldiers became a generic term for all African-American soldiers. It is now used for U.S. Army units that trace their direct lineage back to the 9th and 10th Cavalry, units whose service earned them an honored place in U.S. history.

The San Diego Buffalo Soldiers Mission is to provide a historically accurate account of the Buffalo Soldiers contribution to American history, specifically the participation of the 9th & 10th Horse Cavalry in American history. Additionally, the San Diego chapter exists to increase awareness and respect for cultural differences and to encourage and improve the quality of life for all people. We provide educational presentations to the community, schools, and other organizations to perpetuate the rich history and legacy of the Buffalo Soldiers. We strive to develop leaders who can address the humanitarian needs of our communities.

The San Diego Chapter currently has 42 active members. The chapter consists of all volunteers. There are 11 life members, 27 regular members, 1 honorary member and 3 Original Buffalo Soldiers. The chief sources of funding include fundraising activities, donations and member dues. An educational fund provides one or two scholarships to deserving students each year. Chapter meetings are held at the Malcolm X Library, the third Saturday of each month.The Malcolm X library is located at 5148 Market Street, San Diego, California 92114 (corner of Market and Euclid). Telephone number (619) 527-3405.

Contact The San Diego Buffalo Soldiers 9th & 10th (Horse) Cavalry Association P.O.Box 740178 San Diego, CA 92174-0178. Trooper Rachel Hilliard President at rachelhilliard@aol.com Telephone number (619)251-0214